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Cornwall AONB - area of outstanding natural beauty

Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty consists of twelve individual areas; Bodmin Moor is the only inland area to be part of the AONB.

Bodmin Moor AONB

Sharp Tor, Bodmin Moor Cornwall AONB Rounded hills and granite tors (rocky outcrops on the higher hilltops) give a distinctive character to this small area of upland in north and east Cornwall. For those of us that live here the Bodmin Moor tors that form the horizon are a special part of our local landscape and heritage, deserving the greatest respect and protection.

 

Moorland farmers manage cattle, sheep and ponies here, keeping the hills grazed, and the upland farms and field systems are very much part of this Cornish landscape.

 

Information about the landscape character of Bodmin Moor: The character of Bodmin Moor - pdf document

 

 

 

Protecting the tors

quarry carvings on Bodmin Moor East in Cornwall AONBMining and quarrying has had a huge impact on the Moor over the centuries. Granite surface clitter, or moorstone, has been used for walls and homes since since prehisroric times. So as the quarrying industry developed here on East Moor these craggy tors were protected as important landscape features by an agreement drawn up in 1864 between the Duchy of Cornwall and the quarrymasters of that time (Freeman & Son).

 

This agreement was to prevent quarrying right up to the summit of the the tors, so protecting their characteristic forms from destruction. The 'quarry carvings' marked the upper limit for taking granite and are in the shape of fleur-de-lis, engraved into the face of granite boulders around the tors, about 10 inches in height, and were probably painted. They are still visible today but can be hard to find.

 

 

Marsh,streams & rivers

Withey Brook on Bodmin Moor Cornwall AONBStreams feed to small rivers which leave the upland flowing to both the north and south coast.

For more about these rivers here are some links to follow:

 

River Fowey, flowing to the south coast

Cornwall Rivers Project- River Fowey

 

River Lynher, flowing into the estuary of the River Tamar

Cornwall Rivers Project - Rivers Lynher and Tiddy

 

River Camel and Allen , flowing to the Camel estuary on the north coast

Cornwall Rivers Project - Rivers Camel and Allen

 

 

More about Cornwall AONB

 

granite boulders on Trewortha Tor, Bodmin Moor, Cornwall AONBCornwall AONB covers 958 sq km and consists of twelve separate geographical areas.

These areas include ten stretches of Cornish coastline, the Camel Estuary and Bodmin Moor.

 

It covers approximately 27% of the county - an area of 958 sq km (370 sq miles).  This is one of 47 AONBs in the UK which, along with National Parks, represent the most outstanding examples of countryside landscape.

 

Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty was designated in 1959 under the National Parks Act (with the Camel Estuary section being added in 1983). It received enhanced status under the Countryside and rights of Way (CROW) Act in 2000.

 

European Charter for Sustainable Tourism

In 2010 Cornwall AONB has formally been awarded the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism by the Europarc Federation. Europarc is the voice of Europe's protected areas with over 400 members in 36 countries, who themselves manage the 'green jewels' of Europe's land, sea, mountains, forests, rivers and cultural heritage. The aim of the Charter is to increase awareness of and support for Europe's protected areas and to improve the sustainable development and management of tourism within them. 

There are currently 10 Charter areas in the United Kingdom/Northern Ireland:
Mourne Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty,
Forest of Bowland Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Cairngorms National Park
Broads National Park
Brecon Beacons National Park
Exmoor National Park
Yorkshire Dales National Park
Loch Lomond & The Trossachs National Park
Clwydian Range Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty


 

Links

 
Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Cornwall AONB
European Charter for Sustainable Tourism www.european-charter.org
Cornwall's wealth of wildlife www.cornwallwow.org.uk
Cornwall wildlife Trust www.cornwallwildlifetrust.org.uk
Cornwall Rivers Project River Lynher
Landscape Designations The Macauley Institute
BBC Nature Features Saving the Salmon
Old maps www.old-maps.co.uk
Lynher Valley parishes map

 

 

 

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